Bone Graft: What it is?, Procedure & Risks

Dental implant treatment is gaining more and more popularity and recognition as an optimal tooth restoration method for patients with missing or severely decayed teeth. Nonetheless, not everybody is a good candidate for a dental implant, especially when they have an insufficient amount of jawbone.

This is because implants require a strong base provided by the jawbone to be able to get anchored into the body. If you are without enough bone present in the jaw, you can now totally opt for a dental implant bone graft.

dental implant bone graft

This post from Sydney Dental will cover dental implant bone graft in detail, including the definition, cases when it is needed, the procedure, as well as the risks. So read on and find out right away with us!

1. What is a bone graft?

A dental implant bone graft is a surgery where material is added to a patient’s jawbone to increase its density and volume to provide support for a dental implant. The graft material can come from your own body, a donor, or a synthetic source.

bone graft
Fig 1. What is a bone graft? – Sydney Dental Vietnam.

This surgery is usually carried by an oral surgeon, who will make an opening in the gum to reveal the jawbone. The site is prepared for it by clearing any damaged bone tissue. The material is then put and secured in place with specialized appliances. Finally, the cut is stitched closed, and the patient is provided with post-surgery care recommendations.

The graft integrates with your existing bone, generating a stronger, denser foundation for the dental implant. After that, it has completely anchored with the jawbone, you can proceed with a dental implant placement.

2. Why might I need a bone graft? 

For a variety of medical reasons, bone grafting may be necessary to encourage bone development and healing. The following are some particular ailments that may need a bone grafting:

  • A first fracture that your doctor believes need a graft in order to heal
  • A fracture that wasn’t well healed after being treated without a graft in the past
  • Bone diseases, such as cancer or osteonecrosis
  • Spinal fusion surgery, which may be required if your spine is unstable
  • Dental implant surgery is something you may require to restore lost teeth.
  • Devices that are surgically inserted to help encourage bone formation surrounding the structure, such as total knee replacements
bone graft
Fig 2. Why might I need a bone graft? – Sydney Dental Vietnam.

These bone transplants may serve as a scaffold to support the development of brand-new, living bone. Although it is frequently performed on the spine, hips, and knees, it may also be necessary for other bones in your body.

Discuss your preference for using a bone from another part of your body or a bone from a donor with your healthcare professional. You will need additional surgery to remove this bone if you use your own bone.

If you utilize donated bone, you won’t require this, although using donated bone carries some tiny hazards of its own. Talk about what makes sense for you with your healthcare practitioner.

3. What are types of bone grafts?

There are several types of dental implant bone grafts that can be used to rebuild the jawbone and provide a stable base for a dental implant. These include:

3.1. Autografts

bone graft
Fig 3. Autograft in dentistry – Sydney Dental Vietnam.

An autograft means taking bone tissue from another part of the patient’s body, such as the hip or chin and using it to restore the jawbone. Those is considered the most effective because it comes from the patient’s own body and is therefore less likely to be rejected.

3.2. Allografts

bone graft
Fig 4. Allograft in dentistry – Sydney Dental Vietnam.

An allograft is taking bone tissue from a donor, usually a person who passed away. The bone tissue is processed and sterilized before use. Allografts are a common type of bone graft and can be a very effective way to restore the jawbone volume.

3.3. Xenografts

A xenograft uses bone tissue from a non-human source, such as a cow. The bone tissue is sterilized thoroughly before its use in the surgery. Xenografts are used less often than autografts and allografts but it can be just as effective.

3.4. Synthetic grafts

Synthetic grafts are made from materials like calcium phosphate or hydroxyapatite. These are made to resemble the structure and function of natural bone tissue.

All in all, the type of dental implant bone grafting used will depend on varying factors, including your overall wellness, the location and extent of jawbone deterioration, as well as your particular needs and references.

4. Why is a bone graft carried out?

bone graft
Fig 5. Why is a bone graft carried out? – Sydney Dental Vietnam.

It is performed for a variety of reasons, including injury and illness. Bone grafting procedure is utilized for four major reasons:

  • In the case of many or difficult fractures, or those that do not heal well after first therapy, a bone graft may be utilized.
  • Fusion is a technique that allows two bones to heal together across a damaged joint. The spine is the most often fused structure.
  • Regeneration is utilized to replace bone that has been lost due to illness, infection, or injury. This can include utilizing little pieces of bone in bone cavities as well as enormous pieces of bone.
  • A graft can be used to aid in the healing of bone surrounding surgically implanted devices such as joint replacements, plates, or screws.

5. What To Do After a bone graft?

The size of the graft and other factors influence recovery following bone grafts. Recovery time might range from two weeks to more than a year. You should probably avoid heavy physical exercise for as long as your surgeon recommends.

After surgery, apply ice and straighten your arm or leg. This is really crucial. It can aid in the prevention of swelling, which causes pain and can lead to blood clots in your leg. Keep your arm or leg above the level of your heart as a general guideline.

bone graft
Fig 6. How to take care of your teeth after bone grafting -Sydney Dental Vietnam.

Even if your injury is in a cast, applying ice to the cast may be beneficial. You should train the muscle groups that were not impacted by the procedure during your recovery period. This will assist in maintaining

Quitting smoking is one of the finest things you can do. This will benefit your body’s wellness after surgery and beyond. Smoking reduces bone repair and development. According to research trusted source, smokers have a greater failure risk for it. Furthermore, some surgeons refuse to perform alternative bone grafting treatments in smokers.

6. What are the benefits & risks for a bone graft?

dental implant bone graft
Fig 7. What are the benefits & risks for a bone graft? – Sydney Dental Vietnam.

6.1. The benefits of getting bone graft

Dental implants with bone grafts bring patients certain benefits. They are the following:

  • Improved jawbone density and strength – Bone grafts can help to restore the jawbone’s density and strength, which is essential for long-term dental implant success;
  • Better stability and support – A solid foundation is crucial for dental implants to be successful. Bone grafts provide the support and stability needed for dental implants to function properly;
  • Improved appearance and function – Dental implants with bone grafts can restore the appearance and function of missing teeth, which can improve a patient’s quality of life;
  • Long-term durability – Dental implants with bone grafts have a high success rate and can last for many years with proper care.

6.2. The risks of getting bone graft

Bone grafting is generally safe, however there are certain uncommon hazards.

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • A blood clot has caused nerve damage.
  • Anesthesia complications
  • Infection from donated bone (very rare)

7. How much is a bone graft cost in Vietnam?

can dental implant screws be removed
Figure 8. Our team of doctors at Sydney Dental VN.

In Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam, bone grafting can cost anywhere from $100 to $538, depending on several factors. Patients should budget around $319 on average for a bone graft at our clinic in Ho Chi Minh City. The variety of options available in terms of clinic amenities and the caliber of treatment rendered is reflected in this cost range.

8. A word from Sydney

Dental implant bone grafts can be necessary when a person is ineligible for a dental implant due to a lack of jawbone density. An insufficient volume of the jawbone can be the result of periodontal disease, trauma, or tooth loss. Dental implant bone graft surgery has high success rates, of up to 100% and most patients report having the desired outcome after surgery.

Hopefully this read on dental implant bone graft is helpful to you learning about this tooth restoration option. If you are still unsure of anything in search of a new unforgettably stunning smile, do not hesitate to reach out to us here

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