Types of dental implant: A brief overview

Dental implants are gaining more and more popularity among patients with lost teeth due to different causes such as trauma to the mouth, periodontal disease, severe decay, or simply aging. They are deemed as a permanent solution that is both functional and aesthetically pleasing. Dental implants provide patients with the ability to eat, speak, and smile with confidence, and they can last a lifetime with proper care. There are several types of dental implants with their own advantages and disadvantages.

types of dental implant

This post from Sydney Dental will provide you with the most common types of dental implants as well as their pros and cons so you can go with the best option for your treatment. Wait no more, read on with us and find out!

1. What are dental implants?

Dental implants serve as alternative roots used to support a prosthesis, which can be a dental crown, bridge, or denture. Implant posts are usually made of titanium or titanium alloy, which is biocompatible and able to fuse with the surrounding tissue. This process is referred to as osseointegration and it allows the implant to become a stable and durable tooth replacement.

Dental implants can replace a single tooth, multiple teeth, or even an entire arch of teeth. They are an effective alternative to traditional dentures and dental bridges as they bring a more natural look and feel, as well as higher functionality and durability.

The procedure for getting dental implant treatment includes multiple steps, kicking off with an initial appointment with an implant professional. During the consultation, the provider will assess your oral health and take X-rays and other images to determine the condition of your teeth and jawbone.

If you are qualified for dental implants, the next step is to receive a surgery to have the implant placed into the jawbone. This is typically done using local anesthesia, and the implant post is put into a small hole that is drilled into your jawbone.

After the implantation, a healing period of several months is required to allow the implant to fully integrate with the surrounding bone tissue. During this time, a temporary restoration may be placed to protect the implant and allow you to eat and speak normally.

Once the implant has fully integrated, a permanent restoration, which can include a dental crown, bridge, or denture can be attached to the implant to complete the treatment. This prosthesis is made to match your natural teeth in shape, size, and color, and is secured to the implant to restore your beautiful smile.

2. How many types of dental implants are there?

2.1. Endosteal implants

This kind of implant is the most common among people with missing teeth around the world. They are shaped like small screws and made of biocompatible materials, typically titanium. Endosteal implants are placed directly into the jawbone to act as anchors for the top prosthesis.

Endosteal implants come into two subtypes: screw-type and cylinder-type implants. Screw-type implants are the most commonly used and are placed directly into the jawbone. On the other hand, cylinder-type implants are used for patients who have a narrow jawbone that cannot hold screw-type implants.

Endosteal implants are preferred for their high success rate and lasting for a long time with good maintenance. They are also highly customizable and can be adjusted to accommodate the particular needs of the patient.

2.2. Subperiosteal implants

Subperiosteal implants are a type of dental implant that is placed on top of the jawbone but beneath the gum tissue. They are used for patients who do not have enough healthy jawbone to support traditional endosteal implants.

Subperiosteal implants consist of a metal framework that is placed on top of the jawbone. The framework is then covered with gum tissue, and small posts protrude through the gums to support dental prostheses.

Subperiosteal implants are typically used for patients who have severe jawbone loss and cannot undergo bone grafting procedures. They are also an alternative for patients who are unable to wear removable dentures.

2.3. Zygomatic implants

These are a type of dental implant that is used for patients who do not have enough healthy jawbone to support traditional endosteal implants or subperiosteal implants. Zygomatic implants are placed in the cheekbone, or zygomatic bone, and offer a stable base for dental prostheses.

Zygomatic implants are usually greater in length than conventional endosteal implants and are designed to bypass the areas of the jawbone that have suffered significant bone loss. This makes them an ideal solution for those with significant bone loss in the upper jaw.

Zygomatic implants require a specialized surgical technique and cost more than traditional implants. Nonetheless, they offer a reliable tooth replacement for people with limited dental implant options.

types of dental implant
types of dental implant

2.4. All-on-4 implants

All-on-4 implants are a type of dental implant that replaces an entire arch of lost teeth. This technique involves the placement of four implants strategically placed in the jawbone to support a full arch of dental prostheses.

All-on-4 implants are typically recommended for patients who have lost most or all of their teeth and cannot receive conventional implant surgeries. They bring a quicker and more affordable solution than single implant procedures, giving patients a fully functional set of teeth in just one appointment.

All-on-4 implants are also a viable option for patients who have limited jawbone density or suffer from bone loss. The placement of the implants is designed to maximize the available jawbone and offer a stable base for dental prostheses.

2.5. Mini dental implants

Mini dental implants, also known as narrow-diameter implants, are a type of implant that has a smaller diameter than traditional implants. Mini implants are typically used in areas where there is not enough space for a larger implant, such as the front teeth. They can also be used to stabilize dentures or partial dentures. Because they are smaller, mini implants require less invasive surgery, and they often have a shorter recovery time.

2.6. Same-day implants

Same-day implants, also known as immediate load dental implants, are a type of implant that can be placed and restored with a temporary crown or bridge on the same day. This allows patients to leave the dental office with replacement teeth on the day of their implant surgery, rather than waiting for several months for the implant to get anchored into the bone before the final restoration can be placed. Immediate load implants are a good option for patients who need a fast and convenient solution for missing teeth.

types of dental implant
types of dental implant

3. A word from Sydney 

Overall, dental implants are a long-lasting, natural-looking solution for patients with missing teeth. There are several types of dental implants available, each with their own upsides and downsides. Patients can choose the best implant type for their needs and enjoy the benefits of a healthy, beautiful smile by placing their trust in a reputable dental facility staffed with certified dental professionals.

Hopefully this read on the types of implants is informative and helpful to you learning about this tooth restoration option. If you are still unsure of anything in search of a new unforgettably stunning smile, do not hesitate to reach out to us. We are at 499-501 Ba Hat St, Ward 8, District 10, HCMC, Vietnam looking forward to your visit. You may also call us at (028) 3504 9440 for a free no-obligation comprehensive consultation. Your pretty, shiny smile is 100% guaranteed at Sydney Dental!

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