GUM DISEASE | What should we do – How to protect ourselves

Gum disease (or gum care) is usually caused by a bacterial infection induced by plaque buildup. It could also be caused by other viral or fungal illnesses. Treatment will vary depending on the severity. Gum disease is an infection of the gums that is mainly caused by bacteria. If left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, a more serious infection.

Sydney Dental will provide detailed explanations about what is gum disease as well as offer effective treatment methods for this condition, don’t forget to read it.

1. What causes gum disease?

gum disease
Figure 1. What causes gum disease? – Sydney Dental Vietnam

The most common cause of gum disease is a plaque accumulation on teeth and in the gum line. Bacteria are found in the sticky layer known as plaque. The immune system launches a process of inflammation in an attempt to eliminate plaque. This is shown as gum swelling and redness around the tooth.

Everybody’s mouth has a variety of bacteria. Some of these bacteria are always producing plaque because they feed on the sugars in the foods and beverages you eat and drink. The ideal habitat for germs that can lead to gum disease and tooth damage is provided by plaque.

2. What are the symptoms of gum care?

gum disease
Figure 2. The symptoms of gum care – Sydney Dental Vietnam

Many people do not realize they have gum disease. It is possible to have gingivitis without experiencing any symptoms. However, the following gum disease symptoms can occur:

  • Gums that Bleed Easily: Healthy gums shouldn’t bleed during regular brushing or flossing. Bleeding while performing oral care tasks can indicate gum inflammation (gingivitis) or more advanced gum disease (periodontitis).
  • Swollen, Red, or Tender Gums: Inflamed gums are a sign of gingivitis. They might appear swollen, red, or feel tender to the touch.
  • Receding Gums: Gums that are pulling away from the teeth, making the teeth appear longer, could be a sign of gum disease. This may also lead to tooth sensitivity.
  • Persistent Bad Breath: Constant bad breath that doesn’t improve with oral hygiene measures can be due to bacteria associated with gum disease.
  • Changes in Bite or Tooth Alignment: As gum disease progresses, it can affect the supporting bone, leading to changes in how teeth fit together when biting or cause teeth to loosen.
  • Pus Between Teeth and Gums: The presence of pus or discharge near the gum line could indicate an infection.
  • Changes in the Fit of Partial Dentures: For those who wear partial dentures, changes in how they fit can occur due to underlying gum disease.

These symptoms can occur in varying degrees and may not always be painful, especially in the early stages. Regular dental check-ups are crucial for detecting and treating gum disease early. If you notice any of these symptoms, it’s essential to consult a dentist for proper evaluation and treatment.

3. How do we cure gum disease?

There are several gum disease treatments available such as:

3.1. Increased oral hygiene and dental cleaning

gum disease
Figure 3. How do we cure gum disease? – Sydney Dental Vietnam

With regular dental cleanings and better oral hygiene, those with very early periodontal disease (gingivitis) may be able to reverse the illness. This cautious therapy eliminates dangerous oral bacteria before the illness has a chance to worsen because there isn’t yet any bone loss.

Brushing and flossing twice or three times a day, as well as routine dental checkups and cleanings, are all part of good oral hygiene.

3.2. Root planning and scaling

Regular dental cleaning is comparable to root canal therapy. However, it cleans below your gum line, where your toothbrush and floss can’t reach, getting rid of germs and plaque. For patients with minor gum disease, periodontists advise this course of therapy.

3.3. Surgery for pocket reduction

Patients with gum disease that is little to advanced may require surgery for pocket reduction. The aim is to get rid of tartar and plaque that are buried behind your gums so deeply that your hygienist is unable to reach them. A periodontist makes an incision (cut) in your gums and ways a flap during this procedure. This enables them to temporarily separate your gums from the roots of your teeth.

They will next smooth out any rough spots and remove germs, tartar, and plaque from the base of your teeth. When finished, they will use stitches to close off the incision and adjust your gums.

Periodontists frequently mix guided regrowth of tissues, bone grafting, and gum grafting with pocket reduction surgery or another regenerative procedure.

4. How much is gum disease therapy cost?

gum disease
Figure 4. Gum disease treatment cost – Sydney Dental Vietnam

Treatment for gum disease can cost as little as $500 or as much as $10,000, depending on how bad the condition is.

Periodontal scaling and root planning often cost between $250 and $400, whereas a routine dental prophylaxis typically costs between $70 and $150. Following active therapy, the average cost of periodontal maintenance is $115. The typical cost of active periodontal therapy is $75 per tooth. This treatment usually entails the delivery of an antibacterial agent into the gum pockets by local administration.

The price is influenced by several elements. For example, in order to assist avoid the emergence of the illness, further regular teeth cleaning or scaling and root planning operations may be necessary during the gingivitis stage. The price of your therapy will be further impacted by this.

Other elements influencing expenses are as follows:

  • The procedure’s technology.
  • Where your dentist is located.
  • The kind of dental coverage you own.
  • The kind of needed treatment strategy.

5. Gum disease – Risks and Prevention

5.1. Risks of gum disease

Anything that raises your chances of developing an illness or condition is called a risk factor. They are

  • Tobacco usage, including smoking.
  • Inadequate dental care.
  • Diabetes.
  • Autoimmune conditions, such as Crohn’s disease, scleroderma, and lupus.
  • Changes in hormones, especially during menopause, pregnancy, and puberty.
  • Tension.
  • Genetics.
  • Heart conditions.
  • Gum disease receding

5.2. How to prevent from gum disease

  • Twice a day, before bed and in the morning, brush your teeth and the area around your gums.
  • Make use of fluoride toothpaste and a toothbrush with a tiny head and soft bristles.
  • To clean in between teeth, use floss, dental brushes, or any other instrument that an oral health specialist recommends.
  • Giving up smoking.
  • Refraining from sugary meals and beverages, especially in between
  • Consuming a lot of water, preferably fluoridated

6. Conclusion

Most of the time, especially in the early stages, gum disease is painless. It’s important to recognize the warning indicators so that you can receive the right care before the illness gets worse. Gum disease may negatively impact both your oral and general health if left untreated.

Your chance of developing heart disease, stroke, and diabetes increases as the infection spreads to other regions of your body and other parts of your mouth.

To eliminate infection and resume having healthy teeth and gums, get in touch with us if you have swollen, aching, or bleeding gums at (+84) 902 714 253 or

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